عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Various criteria are used to measure the degree of development and globalization of cities. Despite extensive efforts to determine criteria for recognizing and distinguishing these cities, so far, a single theoretical and empirical basis for recognizing global cities has not been provided. One of the basic and important ways to know the characteristics of global cities and the degree of movement of cities towards development and globality is the descriptions and indicators provided by different researchers.
Objectives: The importance of this research is due to the fact that by emphasizing the ideas of John Friedman, it shows the ways to achieve development and progress, and according to the prominent criteria of the global city, it smoothes the movement towards the global city.
Methodology: This is a fundamental research with a descriptive-analytical method of expressing and examining the theories presented by the prominent researcher John Friedman, about the characteristics of global cities and how to reach a global city. Friedman believes that the three global cities of London, New York and Tokyo, with their large economic holdings, have taken the commanding role and the top of the urban hierarchy.
Result and Discussion: Based on the results of the research, it can be said that the city should show its dynamism. Any metropolis that can be influential at the international or global level in one of the fields of economy, culture and politics and as a superior center and pole can assume functions such as international command, domination and control in its geopolitical space. To have the status of a global city.
Conclusion: cities; They should be transformed into economic and social systems in the spatial organization, and the movement towards development and finally a global city is based on having three basic indicators, which are: 1- the activity of the central offices of companies, 2- financial centers, 3- detailed cities or link.