عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Cultural capital can be regardeed as an asset of stores cultural values. Cultural development and increasing the cultural capital is one of the most important dimensions of sustainable urban development, which seeks to achieve sustainable socio-cultural urban spaces.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of urban compression factor in the realization of cultural capital in Neka city.
Methodology: The study population is citizens living in Neka. Calculated by the Cochran's formula, 381 people were selected as the sample size. The sampling method in the present study is cluster and simple random approach. The formal validity of the questionnaires was confirmed by the supervisor, and the Cronbach's alpha test was used to assess the reliability of the questionnaire questions. SPSS software with version 20 was used to analyze the data.
Geographical Context: Neka County is located in Mazandaran Province and between Sari and Behshahr Counties in latitude 39 and 36 north and longitude 19 and 53 east of Greenwich meridian.
Result and Discussion: The results showed that in opinion of residents of Neka the cultural stability and the level of cultural capital of the citizens are not desirable, but they consider urban density as an effective factor in increasing the level of cultural capital. In fact, there is a positive and significant relationship between cultural capital and urban density. On the other hand, the level of cultural capital was compared in high, medium and low density areas.
Conclusion: The results showed that the level of cultural capital in high-density areas is significantly different from low-density areas, so that the level of this capital is higher in high-density areas. Therefore, the level of cultural capital is related to the level of urban compaction, and areas with higher density have a higher level of cultural capital.